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February 17, 2008


Luke 14: 1, 7-14



And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden,
when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms...

Luke 14:7

Quotes & Notes On:    Luke 14:7    

  • John Wesley,  Notes On the New Testament (1755):

    The ensuing discourse is so termed, because several parts are not to be understood literally. The general scope of it is, Not only at a marriage feast, but on every occasion, he that exalteth himself shall be abased, and he that abaseth himself shall be exalted.

  • The Fourfold Gospel:

    The triclinia, or Grecian table, then in use had three sections which were placed together so as to form a flat-bottomed letter U. The space enclosed by the table was not occupied. It was left vacant that the servants might enter it and attend to the wants of the guests who reclined around the outer margin of the table. The central seat of each of these three sections were deemed a place of honor. This struggle for precedence was a small ambition, but many of the ambitions of our day are equally small.

  • Treasury of Scripture Knowledge:
    * put. Jg 14:12; Pr 8:1; Eze 17:2; Mt 13:34
    * they. Lu 11:43; 20:46; Mt 23:6; Mr 12:38,39; Ac 8:18,19; Php 2:3; 3Jo 1:9
  • Robertson's Word Pictures:
     A parable for those which were bidden (pros tous keklêmenous parabolên). Perfect passive participle of kaleô, to call, to invite. This parable is for the guests who were there and who had been watching Jesus. When he marked (epechôn). Present active participle of epechô with ton noun understood, holding the mind upon them, old verb and common. They chose out (exelegonto). Imperfect middle, were picking out for themselves. The chief seats (tas prôtoklisias). The first reclining places at the table. Jesus condemned the Pharisees later for this very thing (Mt 23:6; Mr 12:39; Lu 20:46). On a couch holding three the middle place was the chief one. At banquets today the name of the guests are usually placed at the plates. The place next to the host on the right was then, as now, the post of honour.

  • William Burkitt's Notes:

    It was observed before, that our blessed Saviour dined publicly on the sabbath day with several Pharisees and lawyers: that which is here worthy of our notice is this; how holy and suitable our Lord's discourse was to the solemnity of that day; may it be the matter of our imitation! It is not unlawful for friends to dine together on the Lord's day, provided their discourse be suitable to the day, such as our Lord's here; for observing how the company then at the table did affect precedency, and taking place one of another; he that before their eyes had cured a man of a bodily dropsy, attempts to cure the person that dined with him of the tympany of pride.

    Where note, that it is not the taking, but the affecting of the highest places and uppermost rooms, that our Saviour condemns. There may and ought to be a precedency amongst persons; it is according to the will of God, that honor be given to whom honor is due; and that the most honorable person should sit in the most honorable places: for grace gives a man no exteriour preference: it makes a man glorious indeed, but it is glorious within.

    Note farther, the way our Saviour directs persons to, in order to their attaning real honor, both from God and men, namely, by being little in our own eyes, and in lowliness of mind, esteeming others better than ourselves; as God will abase, and men will despise, the proud and haughty, so God will exalt, and men will honor, the humble person: Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased, and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.

  • Family Bible Notes:

     He put forth a parable; showing the importance of humility.

  • 1599 Geneva Bible Notes:

    The reward of pride is dishonour, and the reward of true modesty is glory.

  • People's New Testament Commentary:

    Put forth a parable. In this case a spiritual meaning lies under the social instruction.

    Chose out the chief seats. The places of honor at the table. Certain seats were considered the most honorable. The Savior's instruction insists upon humility. The spiritual lesson is that one must not, like Diotrephes, seek the pre-eminence [see 3Jo 1:9], but be content to work in lowly places, from whence he can be invited higher if his merits so demand.

  • Albert Barnes' Commentary:

     A parable. The word parable, here, means rather a precept, an injunction. He gave a rule or precept about the proper manner of attending a feast, or about the humility which ought to be manifested on such occasions.

    That were bidden. That were invited by the Pharisee. It seems that he had invited his friends to dine with him on that day.

    When he marked. When he observed or saw.

    Chief rooms. The word rooms here does not express the meaning of the original. It does not mean apartments, but the higher places at the table; those which were nearest the head of the table and to him who had invited them. See Barnes for Mt 23:6. That this was the common character of the Pharisees appears from Mt 23:6.

  • Jamieson-Faussett Brown:

    a parable--showing that His design was not so much to inculcate mere politeness or good manners, as underneath this to teach something deeper (Lu 14:11).

    chief rooms--principal seats, in the middle part of the couch on which they reclined at meals, esteemed the most honorable.

  • Spurgeon Devotional Commentary:

    No comment on this verse.

  • Adam Clarke's Commentary:

     When custom and law have regulated and settled places in public assemblies, a man who is obliged to attend may take the place which belongs to him, without injury to himself or to others: when nothing of this nature is settled, the law of humility, and the love of order, are the only judges of what is proper. To take the highest place when it is not our due is public vanity: obstinately to refuse it when offered is another instance of the same vice; though private and concealed. Humility takes as much care to avoid the ostentation of an affected refusal, as the open seeking of a superior place. See Quesnel. In this parable our Lord only repeats advices which the rabbins had given to their pupils, but were too proud to conform to themselves. Rabbi Akiba said, Go two or three seats lower than the place that belongs to thee, and sit there till they say unto thee, Go up higher; but do not take the uppermost seat, lest they say unto thee, Come down: for it is better that they should say unto thee, Go up, go up; than that they should say, Come down, come down. See Schoettgen.

  • Matthew Henry Concise Commentary:

    Even in the common actions of life, Christ marks what we do, not only in our religious assemblies, but at our tables. We see in many cases, that a man's pride will bring him low, and before honour is humility. Our Saviour here teaches, that works of charity are better than works of show. But our Lord did not mean that a proud and unbelieving liberality should be rewarded, but that his precept of doing good to the poor and afflicted should be observed from love to him.

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